STEM/Technology

November 27, 2018: Websites

posted Nov 27, 2018, 3:27 PM by James Falletti

November 27, 2018: Jupiter

posted Nov 27, 2018, 3:11 PM by James Falletti   [ updated Nov 27, 2018, 3:14 PM ]

Jupiter Facts and Information

  • 5th Planet from the Sun

  • Orbits the sun every 11.8 Earth years

  • Largest Planet in our Solar System

  • 89,365 miles in diameter

  • Approx. 79 moons

  • Cloud Temp: -234℉

  • Above Jupiter Temp: 1,334℉

  • Average Distance from our sun is approximately 483 million miles

  • 90% Hydrogen (H) and 10% Helium (He) with Rocky Core (GAS GIANT)

  • If your weight on Earth is 100 lbs, you will weigh 252.8 lbs on Jupiter


Earth has a diameter of 7,917.5 miles, whereas Jupiter has a diameter of about 89,365 miles. This means that Jupiter is almost 11 times the size of Earth, and just under 318 times as massive. 1,000 Earths can fit into 1 Jupiter.


However, Earth’s density is significantly higher, since Earth is a terrestrial planet Jupiter is a Gas Giant.


Jupiter is composed primarily of gaseous and liquid matter which is divided between a gaseous outer atmosphere and a denser interior.


Jupiter has 53 named moons. Others are awaiting official names. Combined, scientists now think Jupiter has 79 moons.


There are many interesting moons orbiting the planet, but the ones of most scientific interest are the first four moons discovered beyond Earth—the Galilean satellites.


The Galilean Moons

The planet Jupiter's four largest moons are called the Galilean satellites after Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei, who first observed them in 1610. The German astronomer Simon Marius claimed to have seen the moons around the same time, but he did not publish his observations and so Galileo is given the credit for their discovery. These large moons, named Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto, are each distinctive worlds

Crash Course: Jupiter



November 27, 2018 (Mars)

posted Nov 27, 2018, 3:05 PM by James Falletti

Mars Facts and Information

  • 4th Planet from the Sun

  • Orbits the sun every 686 Earth days

  • Has seans and polar ice caps

  • 4,200 miles in diameter

  • 2 moons but more like Asteroids caught in Mars' gravitational pull

  • Surface Temp: -225℉ to 70℉

  • Average Distance from our sun is approximately 141 million miles

  • Thin atmosphere (1% of Earth), mostly Carbon Dioxide (CO₂)

  • If your weight on Earth is 100 lbs, you will weigh 37.7 lbs on Mars


Mars, the fourth planet from the sun, is the second smallest planet in the solar system; only Mercury is smaller. Mars is about half (53 percent) the size of Earth, but because Mars is a desert planet, it has the same amount of dry land as Earth.


Earth has a diameter of 7,917.5 miles, whereas Venus has a diameter of about 4,200 miles. This means that Venus is roughly 0.9499 the size of Earth.


Mars is home to both the highest mountain and the deepest, longest valley in the solar system. Olympus Mons is roughly 17 miles (27 kilometers) high, about three times as tall as Mount Everest. It is also one of the largest volcanoes in the solar system. It is about 370 miles (600 kilometers) in diameter, wide enough to cover the entire state of New Mexico.


The Valles Marineris system of valleys — named after the Mariner 9 probe that discovered it in 1971 — can go as deep as 6 miles (10 kilometers) and runs east-west for roughly 2,500 miles (4,000 kilometers), about one-fifth of the distance around Mars and close to the width of Australia or the distance from Philadelphia to San Diego.

Crash Course: Mars




November 12, 2018 (Mercury)

posted Nov 12, 2018, 1:12 PM by James Falletti

The Planets in Our Solar System: MERCURY

Mercury Facts and Information

  • Closest Planet to the Sun

  • Orbits once every 88 days

  • Smallest planet in the Solar System

  • 3,031 miles in diameter

  • Surface Temp: 197℉ to +801℉

  • Average Distance from our sun is approximately 16.4 million miles

  • If your weight on Earth is 100 lbs, you will weigh 37.8 lbs on Mercury

The diameter of Mercury is 4,879 km (3,031 miles), which is approximately 38% the diameter of Earth. In other words, if you put three (3) Mercurys side by side, they would be a little larger than the Earth from end to end. While this makes Mercury smaller than the largest natural satellites in our system – such as Ganymede and Titan – it is more massive and far more dense than they are.


Crash Course: Mercury


November 12, 2018

posted Nov 12, 2018, 1:04 PM by James Falletti   [ updated Nov 12, 2018, 1:07 PM ]

The Planets in Our Solar System: Venus

Venus Facts and Information

  • 2nd Closest Planet to the Sun

  • Orbits the sun every 224 days

  • Similar in size to our planet Earth

  • 7,520 miles in diameter

  • Surface Temp: 860℉

  • Average Distance from our sun is approximately 67.3 million miles

  • Covered with dense clouds of Sulfuric Acid

  • Atmosphere is mostly Carbon Dioxide (CO₂)

  • If your weight on Earth is 100 lbs, you will weigh 90.7 lbs on Venus

In terms of their respective sizes, masses and compositions, Venus and Earth are quite similar. Whereas Earth has a diameter of 7,917.5 miles, where Venus has a diameter of about 7,520 miles. This means that Venus is roughly 0.9499 the size of Earth.



Crash Course: Venus




November 12, 2018

posted Nov 12, 2018, 12:53 PM by James Falletti   [ updated Nov 12, 2018, 12:55 PM ]

The Planets in Our Solar System: EARTH

Earth Facts and Information

  • 3rd Closest Planet to the Sun

  • Orbits the sun every 365 days

  • Known as the Blue Planet and the Goldilocks Planet

  • 7,917.5 miles in diameter

  • Average Distance from our sun is approximately 93 million miles

  • Oceans at least 2.5 miles (4 kilometers) deep cover nearly 70 percent of Earth's surface.

  • The minimum weather temperature on Earth is -126 degrees Fahrenheit (-87.8 degrees Celsius) and the maximum weather temperature on Earth is 136 degrees Fahrenheit (57.8 degrees Celsius).

  • Earth has ONE (1) Moon


Earth and Moon Facts

  • The diameter of the Moon is 2,158 miles. Now, let’s compare this to the Earth. The diameter of the Earth is 7,917.5 miles. This means that the Moon is approximately 27% the size of the Earth.

  • The Moon was created 4.6 Billion Years ago - which is the same as Earth

  • Apollo 11 landed on the Moon on July 20, 1969 (Saturn V Rocket)

  • It is the fifth largest moon in the Solar System.

  • The average distance from the Moon to the Earth is 238,857 miles.

  • The Moon orbits the Earth every 27.3 days.

  • If your weight on Earth is 100 lbs, you will weigh 17 lbs on the moon

Crash Course: The Earth


Sept. 25, 2018

posted Sep 24, 2018, 2:22 PM by James Falletti

How did the planets get their names?

MYTHOLOGY (my·thol·o·gy)

məˈTHäləjē/

noun

noun: mythology; plural noun: mythologies

  1. a collection of myths, especially one belonging to a particular religious or cultural tradition.


All of the planets, except for Earth, were named after Greek and Roman gods and goddesses. Jupiter, Saturn, Mars, Venus and Mercury were given their names thousands of years ago. The other planets were not discovered until much later, after telescopes were invented. The tradition of naming the planets after Greek and Roman gods and goddesses was carried on for the other planets discovered as well.

  • Mercury was named after the Roman god of travel.

  • Venus was named after the Roman goddess of love and beauty.

  • Mars was the Roman god of War.

  • Jupiter was the king of the Roman gods

  • Saturn was the Roman god of agriculture.

  • Uranus (Ouranus) was named after an ancient Greek king of the gods.

  • Neptune was the Roman god of the Sea.

  • Pluto, which is now classified as a dwarf planet, was the Roman god of the underworld.

  • The name Earth is an English/German name which simply means the ground.


Homework: Cut out the images that I provided you on the handout and paste them in your notebook. Match the Gods and Goddess with their planets. Don't forget to LABEL the Images with the name of the Planet/God or Goddess.

Sept. 18, 2018

posted Sep 18, 2018, 1:48 PM by James Falletti   [ updated Sep 18, 2018, 1:51 PM ]

The 4th Grade classes will be Exploring the Solar System this year in the Makerspace. Today, students were introduced to their first lesson asking: What is a Planet?

Vocabulary/Terms

  • Asteroid

  • Comet

  • Dwarf Planet

  • Inertia

  • Kuiper Belt

  • Mass

  • Oort Cloud

  • Orbit

  • Planet

  • Plutoid

List of Planets in our Solar System

  • Mercury

  • Venus

  • Earth

  • Mars

  • Jupiter

  • Saturn

  • Uranus

  • Neptune

What is a Planet?

Everyone knows that Earth, Mars and Jupiter are planets. At least, they are for now. Both Pluto and Ceres were once considered planets until new discoveries triggered scientific debate about how to best describe them—a vigorous debate that continues to this day. The most recent definition of a planet was adopted by the International Astronomical Union in 2006. It says a planet must do three things:

  1. It must orbit a star (in our cosmic neighborhood, the Sun).

  2. It must be big enough to have enough gravity to force it into a spherical shape.

  3. It must be big enough that its gravity cleared away any other objects of a similar size near its orbit around the Sun.


Homework: Color and Cut out the Solar System Image that I printed for you, then paste it in your STEM Notebook.

April 24, 2018: Feet to Inches

posted Apr 23, 2018, 12:17 PM by James Falletti   [ updated Apr 23, 2018, 12:19 PM ]

Today we continued to fly our paper airplanes and collect data for our little STEM Experiment of how weight and balance affect airplane flight. As we were measuring the distance in Feet (') and Inches ("), we now need to convert all our measurements into just inches. How do we do that?


Well.... Let's say you had measured the distance of your plane as 11 feet exactly (11').

  • Remember that 1 foot is equal to 12 inches

  • So simply multiply 11 Feet by 12 to get your answer

  • 11 x 12 = 132 inches or 132"

Let's try this one... you had measured the distance of your plane as 15 feet 4 inches (15' 4").

  • Remember that 1 foot is equal to 12 inches

  • Multiply 15 Feet by 12 to get your answer

  • 15 x 12 = 180 inches or 180"

  • ....but we're not done yet. We still have 4 inches left from our measurement

  • So, take the 180" + 4" = 184 inches or 184"

Let's try one more... you had measured the distance of your plane as 33 feet 5.5 inches (33' 5.5").

  • Remember that 1 foot is equal to 12 inches

  • Multiply 33 Feet by 12 to get your answer

  • 33 x 12 = 396 inches or 396"

  • ....but we're not done yet. We still have 5.5 inches left from our measurement

  • So, take the 396" + 5.5" = 401.5 inches or 401.5"


Now it's you turn (Homework)

  1. Complete the 12 Times Table in your STEM Notebook up to 12 x 44 (you may go further, but not less). Make sure it's neat and organized. Remember that if I cannot read it, I will not accept it. Due May 1, 2018.

    1. Example: 12 x 44 = 528 etc...

  2. Finish converting your measurements that you had written in your STEM Notebook from Feet (') and Inches (") to just Inches ("). This will be turned in for a quiz grade. Due May 1, 2018.


If you do not have five (5) measurements written in your STEM Notebook, make up a distance between 30 and 44 feet


January 16, 2018

posted Jan 16, 2018, 12:40 PM by James Falletti

Today we continued our lesson with Spheros. While last week we manually controlled our devices, today we used the draw option. 

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